Bachelor of Dental Surgery [BDS]

BDS is one of the most popular and designated degree of dentists (doctors). The BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is the only educational and professional programme of dental surgery in India.

The BDS degree is provided post successfully completion of the four-year academic education and the one year mandatory internship programme in dentistry education leading to the Bachelor of Dental Surgery degree programme.

It owes the “Dr” domain as it is equivalent to the MBBS. The second choice of the students after the MBBS course, in the medical educational field, is BDS

The students are taught about the denture, dental problems and surgery.  There are various job opportunities are available in the hospital, pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturing industries post completion of this course.

This course is now in heavy demand by the students after 12th in medical field.

Eligibility & Duration

The students, who have passed the 10+2 examination with science stream and have had Physics, Chemistry and Biology and English in 12th stream, may go for the BDS course.

The students have to score minimum 50% marks (40% in the case of reserved category) in plus two and have to appear for an entrance examination conducted by the respective authorities.

A candidate must clear NEET exam in order to be

  • Eligible for admission to Undergraduate Medical Courses for a particular academic year in case of General, General-EWS, it shall be necessary for a candidate to obtain minimum of marks at 50th percentile in NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test) to Undergraduate Medical Courses held for the said academic year.
  • However, in respect of candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes, the minimum marks shall be at 40th percentile. In respect of candidates with Benchmark Disabilities specified under the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, the minimum marks shall be at 45th percentile for Unreserved Category & GEN-EWS Category candidates and 40th percentile for SC/ST/OBC-NCL candidates.
  • The percentile shall be determined on the basis of highest marks secured in the All India common merit list in National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test for admission to Undergraduate Medical Courses.

Syllabus and Subjects for Bachelor of Dental Science (BDS)

BDS Bachelor of Dental Surgery is divided into 5 years.

Break up: 4 years of academics + 1 year of internship

1st year

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology + Biochemistry
  • Dental Anatomy + Dental Histology

2nd year

  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology + Pathology
  • Dental material

Total 4 subject. But 3 papers of 70 marks each.

3rd year

  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Oral Pathology

Final year (4th year)

  • Oral Medicine and radiology
  • Oral and maxillofacial Surgery
  • Prosthodontics
  • Periodontics
  • Public health and community dentistry
  • Conservative and endodontics
  • Pedodontics
  • Orthodontics
  • Human Physiology
  • Materials used in Dentistry
  • Human Oral Anatomy, Physiology, Histology and Tooth Morphology
  • Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology
  • Orthodontics
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Scope of BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)

In today’s world, where oral health is one of the primary concerns for everyone, the scope of BDS in India and abroad is very high. People like to visit the dentist for their oral checkup in a month or two. The scope of Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) in India is very vast and increasing at a rapid speed day by day. It depends on the respective aspirant’s skills, knowledge, calibers, and the place they are practicing. The course of BDS is very career-oriented and serves society with its application. BDS graduates can earn a handsome salary by working in both private or government organizations. Some of the employment area after graduating from BDS are mentioned below

  • Dental Clinics
  • Government hospitals
  • Dental Institutions
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Dental Products Manufactures
  • Private Practice

Careers opportunities after BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)

A plethora of career choices is open for students after BDS. The most obvious choice would be to practice as a dentist. However, that in itself has choices of where for whom and as what. An important point is that students must register with the Dental Council of India to be able to practice as a dentist. Some of the career options are mentioned below:

  • Set up private practice: A common option followed by many dentists who have passed and registered themselves with the Dental Council of India. This will require some amount of funds and a good location. It also will take sometime before the dentists can establish themselves.
  • Consultant: In case setting up one’s own practice is not appealing, working as a consultant with established hospitals is another option. Here, one would be like an employee who is required to take on the patients who visit the hospital for their dental problems.
  • Teaching: Generally freshers are not taken in for teaching. The job requires experienced doctors who can answer queries and teach well. Mostly the doctors attached to the Govt hospitals also work as consulting professors to the students at the attached colleges. However, teaching is an option for dentists who have an inclination for it albeit after gaining some experience working as a dentist.
  • Government Job: Most Govt hospitals, organizations, PSUs require doctors including dentists. So students can go in for these jobs for job security.
  • Options Abroad: To work abroad or practice as a dentist, one needs to check the regulations of the country and fulfill them to start work.

Further Study: Another option would be to go in for a Masters in Dental Surgery. The specializations available allow the dentist to choose the area in which they would like to mark their career. They have a choice of 9 specializations to choose from while pursuing their masters as given below.

  • Oral Medicine, Diagnosis, and Radiology
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Oral Pathology and Microbiology
  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
  • Orthodontics
  • Prosthodontics
  • Periodontal Surgery and Oral Implantology
  • Pedodontics
  • Public Health Dentistry

MDS is not just the only option that is open for students. Dentists can also pursue a management course like MHA (Masters in Hospital Administration) or MPH (Masters in Public Health). This will allow them to step into the management side of health organizations or hospital chains.

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